GROUP 4 - SMOKING THE SILENT KILLER


I)INTRODUCTION

THE CONTENTS IN THE CIGARETTES
harmful_cigarette_content.jpg


2) CAUSES OF SMOKING
  • less religous values
  • peer influence
  • lack of compation
  • want to be like an adult
  • stress
  • to release tension



3) EFFECTS OF SMOKING
  • Toxic ingredients in cigarette smoke travel throughout the body, causing damage in several different ways.
  • Nicotine reaches the brain within 10 seconds after smoke is inhaled. It has been found in every part of the body and in breast milk.
  • Carbon monoxide binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells, preventing affected cells from carrying a full load of oxygen.
  • Cancer-causing agents (carcinogens) in tobacco smoke damage important genes that control the growth of cells, causing them to grow abnormally or to reproduce too rapidly.
  • The carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene binds to cells in the airways and major organs of smokers.
  • Smoking affects the function of the immune system and may increase the risk for respiratory and other infections.
  • There are several likely ways that cigarette smoke does its damage. One is oxidative stress that mutates DNA, promotes atherosclerosis, and leads to chronic lung injury. Oxidative stress is thought to be the general mechanism behind the aging process, contributing to the development of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and COPD(Chronic Obtructive Pulmonary Diesease Emphysema).
  • The body produces antioxidants to help repair damaged cells. Smokers have lower levels of antioxidants in their blood than do nonsmokers.
  • Smoking is associated with higher levels of chronic inflammation, another damaging process that may result in oxidative stress.

  • Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, the airways that connect the trachea (windpipe) to the lungs. When a person has bronchitis, it may be harder for air to pass in and out of the lungs.
  • If you have asthma, travel can seem less fun because there's always the worry that something unexpected may cause a flare-up. Here's how to avoid problems so you can concentrate on the fun.

( Are there any pictures or photos to show the dieseses related to smoking?)

Other effects
i) get punishment from parents
ii) punishment from school if we smoke at school
iii) get addicted
iv) short our life ;) (pendek umor!!)
(hafiz)
4) WAYS TO STOP SMOKING

1. Make an honest list of all the things you like about smoking
2. Then make another list of why quitting won't be easy
3. Set a quit date
4. Write all your reasons for quitting on an index card
5. As you're getting ready to quit, stop buying cartons of cigarettes
6. Keep a list of when you smoke, what you're doing at the time, and how bad the craving is.
7. Prepare a list of things to do when a craving hits.
8. When your quit date arrives, throw out anything that reminds you of smoking.
9. Instead of a cigarette break at work, play a game of solitaire on your computer.
10. Switch to a cup of herbal tea whenever you usually have a cigarette.
11. Switch your cigarette habit for a nut habit
12. Carry some cinnamon-flavored toothpicks with you.
13. Make an appointment with an acupuncturist.
14. Swing by the health food store for some Avena sativa (oat) extract.
15. Think of difficult things you have done in the past.
16. To minimize cravings, change your routine.
17. Tell your friends, coworkers, boss, partner, kids, etc

Parents, tecahers, friends and everybody can also help. We can advice and give suggestion to stop smoking. (Hafiz)






5) CONCLUSION
  • The consequences of this poisoning happen gradually. Over the long term, smoking leads people to develop health problems like heart disease, stroke, emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue), and many types of cancer - including lung, throat, stomach, and bladder cancer.
  • People who smoke also have an increased risk of infections like bronchitis and pneumonia.


So cool ..
I likee .. Hehe.. from: Azi[M]♣